Muscle injuries: epidemiology

The muscle injuries are defined as a traumatic alteration or injury by excessive use of the muscle, whose immediate consequence is that the athlete cannot continue training or competing. These types of injuries are the most often that take the athlete away from the competition.

In addition, to complicate things even more, many types of muscular injuries are known, with extensive terminology to describe them, and multiple classifications, which, although its main objective, is the correct planning of treatments and improvement in Recovery times, when used indiscriminately, can lead to confusion and misunderstandings between athletes and the people who serve them.

There are many factors that influence the genesis of a muscular lesion, and these are combined with the personal characteristics of the individual and the affected muscle, for example, age if it influences a lesion of twins, but not in quadriceps and hamstring

In the world of football, the most affected muscle is the hamstring (especially the femoral biceps), followed by the quadriceps, adductor and twins. Being the risk of injury slightly lower in matches played on artificial turf of third generation or higher.

Most of muscular injuries occur without contact, and most of them are of moderate severity.

Hamstring muscle injuries should be high speed racing or changes in race rhythm

Relapse is a lesion of the same type and in the same place as a well-diagnosed prior injury and occurs no more than two months after the player has returned to the full practice of the sport after having suffered the previous injury.

Relapse in muscle injury is a common situation, and is more common in the hip/groin environment

Dr. José Antonio Rodas Pereira, medical specialist in Sport